Centos 安装vim及设置

[root@MyServer ~]# which vim
/usr/bin/vim
[root@MyServer ~]# rpm -qf /usr/bin/vim
vim-enhanced-7.0.109-7.el5
# 如果返回的包是vim-minimal.i686,那么新功能都是不带的!
[root@MyServer ~]# yum -y remove vim*
[root@MyServer ~]# yum search vim
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: repos.dfw.quadranet.com
 * extras: mirror.tngwebhost.com
 * updates: mirrors.tummy.com
========================================================================= N/S Matched: vim =========================================================================
vim-X11.i686 : The VIM version of the vi editor for the X Window System
vim-common.i686 : The common files needed by any version of the VIM editor
vim-enhanced.i686 : A version of the VIM editor which includes recent enhancements
vim-filesystem.i686 : VIM filesystem layout
vim-minimal.i686 : A minimal version of the VIM editor

  Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.
[root@MyServer ~]# yum install vim-enhanced
cd $HOME
touch .vimrc
vi .vimrc
# 粘贴如下内容
set encoding=utf-8			" 编码设置
set nocompatible            " 关闭 vi 兼容模式

if &t_Co > 1
     syntax enable
endif

# syntax=on					" 自动语法高亮
filetype on					" 打开文件类型检测功能
filetype plugin on			" 允许VIM加载文件类型插件
filetype indent on			" 不同文件类型采用不同缩进
set number                  " 显示行号
set ruler                   " 打开状态栏标尺
set shiftwidth=4            " 设定 << 和 >> 命令移动时的宽度为 4
 
set softtabstop=4           " 使得按退格键时可以一次删掉 4 个空格
set tabstop=4               " 设定 tab 长度为 4
set nobackup                " 覆盖文件时不备份
set backupcopy=yes          " 设置备份时的行为为覆盖
set ignorecase smartcase    " 搜索时忽略大小写,但在有一个或以上大写字母时仍保持对大小写敏感
set nowrapscan              " 禁止在搜索到文件两端时重新搜索
 
set incsearch               " 输入搜索内容时就显示搜索结果
set hlsearch                " 搜索时高亮显示被找到的文本
set noerrorbells            " 关闭错误信息响铃
set novisualbell            " 关闭使用可视响铃代替呼叫
set t_vb=                   " 置空错误铃声的终端代码
set showmatch               " 插入括号时,短暂地跳转到匹配的对应括号
set matchtime=2             " 短暂跳转到匹配括号的时间
 
# set magic                   " 设置魔术
set hidden                  " 允许在有未保存的修改时切换缓冲区,此时的修改由 vim 负责保存
set guioptions-=T           " 隐藏工具栏
set guioptions-=m           " 隐藏菜单栏
set smartindent             " 开启新行时使用智能自动缩进
 
set backspace=indent,eol,start         " 不设定在插入状态无法用退格键和 Delete 键删除回车符
set cmdheight=1						   " 设定命令行的行数为 1
set laststatus=2					   " 显示状态栏 (默认值为 1, 无法显示状态栏)
set statusline=\ %<%F[%1*%M%*%n%R%H]%=\ %y\ %0(%{&fileformat}\ %{&encoding}\ %c:%l/%L%)\        "设置在状态行显示的信息

set helplang=cn					" 显示中文帮助
set autoread					" 设置当文件被改动时自动载入
# set completeopt=preview,menu	" 代码补全

如果提示以下内容:

No Syntax items defined for this buffer
Press ENTER or type command to continue

那是因为没有合适的高亮适配,在配置文件内加入以下内容即可

if &t_Co > 1
     syntax enable
endif

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